Yemmiganur is one of the major towns in the Kurnool district. It was part of the Vijayanagar from the 14th century to the 16th century. From 1953 to 1956 it was an Andhra state, now in part of Andhra Pradesh. In 1965 the Panchayat of Yemiganur was upgraded as 3rd grade Municipality upgraded as 2nd grade Municipality during 1985 and upgraded 1st Grade Municipality during 1999. In this Municipality weaving is the main occupation. It is spread over an area of 14.53 Sq Km with 33 election wards and 18 Revenue wards. As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 95,149. The total population constitute, 47,456 males, 47,693 females and 12,177 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 62.98% with 52,254 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%. Around 24 Km away from Yemmiganur Mantralayam is the Pligrim Centre where Guru Raghavendra is worship.
Yemmiganur Municipality is known for / famous for its Handlooms. It is located 375 Kms from Capital City and 70 Kms from District Head Quarters. The terrain of the town is a flat country. Highest contour is +377.69 m and lowest contour is +354.66 m. The ground falls from south west to North East. Soils are of the Black Cotton nature and hence are highly potential for commercial crops like Groundnut and Cotton. Being surrounded by Irrigation Canal i.e. low level canal drawn from Tungabhadra Dam at Hospet in Karnataka State. Ground Water table remains static at 30 to 40 Mts below GL in all Seasons.